Catholicism is one of the most popular and prominent religions, with followers all around the world. It was founded by Jesus Christ in Judea more than 2000yrs ago. It is led by a Pope who is the successor of the apostle Peter. People that practices Catholicism are called Catholics. The word Catholics means Universal.
Islam is a religion that was founded by Prophet Muhammad in mecca. It was said that the prophet Muhammad received a revelation from Angel Jibril that is Gabriel and he compiled it in a book called Quran.
People that practices Islam are called Muslim and they follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. The word Islam means” Voluntary submission to God “.
Both religion are monotheistic Abrahamic religions, meaning they can trace their common origin to Abraham.
Differences between Catholics and Muslims
The Catholics believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God and he’s God, they believe in the holy trinity, that is God the father, God the son and God the holy Spirit. They believe that Jesus is God the son who’s equal to God the father and that through him they get salvation.
The Muslims in the other hand have great respect for Jesus but don’t believe that he’s God. They believe that there’s only one God who’s Allah. They believe Jesus is just a messenger of God just like Muhammad.
Muslims believe that the Quran is the holy word of God, the Quran means “recitation“, while Catholics believe that the Bible is the holy word of God.
Muslims believe that the Bible is the word of God but they also believe that the modern bibles is now corrupt over the years due different translations of it. After the corruption, Allah sent Muhammad to sum up and finalize the word of God then Angel Gabriel delivered the Quran to him. They also claim that the Quran has been preserved in its original state that is in Arabic with no variations. Catholics believe that the Bible in its original language ( Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic) is with no error and that English version of Bible is still trustworthy and sacred. More references Why the Bible is trustworthy
The Muslims worship on Friday in a Mosque, while Catholics worship on Sunday in a Church.
Catholic Church was founded in 4th Century, while Islam was founded in 7th century.
The Muslims pray with only their bead called Misbaha (Arabic: مسبحة mas’baha , Tasbih or Sibha). While Catholics pray with bead( Rosary), Cross, Crucifix, Statue, Images etc.
Muslims believe that Jesus didn’t die on the cross, rather a look alike was crucified and not him. Surah 4:155-158
Nabeel Jabour says:
“So they (Muslims) believe that God intervened miraculously and took Jesus up to Himself and that someone else was placed on the cross. It appeared to the Jews that it was Jesus, but in reality it was someone else. Some of them believe it was Judas.
Muslims also believe that he will return during end time to lead in an age of justice and, will die after 40yrs and be buried in Medina with Muhammad, then rise in the general resurrection along with the rest of humankind.
Muslims regards Mary as an important woman in the bible. Her birth was Miraculous and only she and Jesus Christ were believed to be born without the touch of Satan. She’s the only woman in the Quran mentioned by her own name. The only difference between how Catholics and Muslims see her is Catholics says she’s mother of God, while Muslims doesn’t consider her as mother of God as they don’t believe Jesus is God.
Catholics believe that every human being is born with original sin (Sin of Adam) , while Muslims believe that no one is born with Sin. They believe sin exists because of human weakness and forgetfulness. Surah 4:28. They say “The original sin concept is not fair…because no one should be made to bear the burden of someone else’s sin or mistake.”
Catholics believe although we inherited the sins of Adam, Jesus Christ came down from heaven, died for our sins and gave us a new nature. He is the second Adam and every point Adam failed Jesus succeeded. 1Corinthians 15:21-22, Romans 5:12-21
Muslims believe that God is the source of good and evil, they believe that God put into man good and evil during creation. The Quran says that Allah inspires in the souls of Men both Lewdness and God fearing.
Catholics believe that God is light and in him no darkness at all. They believe God didn’t create us as robots, he gave us free will to live our life and the absence of God in someone’s life is called Evil.
Similarities between Catholics and Muslims
Both Catholic and Islam are from same origin, they are like brothers who can trace their origins to Abraham and they worship same God.
They both have similar practices of praying, fasting and alms giving.
Both Muslims and Catholics pray with Beads.
They both go on Pilgrimages to receive special blessings from God.
They both believe in the existence of Angels.